Jakarta Street Food Guide

Living in this capital of Indonesia is best for few reasons. One of it: Food sellers walk around my neighborhood with their pushcart or bicycle to offer and deliver meal or beverages directly to the front of my door starting from 5am until11pm. Here is my chronicle.

*5am = BUBUR AYAM

Indonesian main staple is rice. This dish of “bubur” is made by cooking rice with extra amount of water, garnished with fried soy beans and shredded fried chicken plus some other things on top of yellow curry broth. Not vegetarian friendly.

Price = Rp.7,000.

*7am = KETUPAT SAYUR

This dish is combination of small cuts of rice cake (ketupat made by cooking rice is coconut leaf wrappings), a piece of fried soy cake or tofu (tahu goreng) and vegetable curry made from shredded chayote (sayur labu siam). Non vegetarian can add hard boiled egg.

Those shrimp crackers (kerupuk udang) is not vegetarian friendly, you can skip it.

Add red chilli paste (sambal) to get more spicy and hot taste.

Price: Rp.8,000 (basic) or Rp.11,000 (with additional egg).

*9am = KEMBANG TAHU

Kembang Tahu in a bowl consists of soft tofu chunks with hot ginger syrup. Perfect for snacking. 100% vegetarian.

Price: Rp.6,000.

*11am = KETOPRAK

It’s also a dish of rice cake cuts and fried tofu chunks like Lontong Sayur, but this one got peanut sauce (with heavy garlic aroma) plus vermicelli (bihun) and boiled bean sprouts (tauge) for lunch. Vegetarian friendly without shrimp crackers.

Choose your spiciness level when order:
– Plain (gak pedas) = no chilli.
– A bit spicy (pedas dikit) = one chilli.
– Spicy (pedas) = two chillis.
– Very spicy (pedas banget) = three chillis or more.

Price: Rp.12,000

*1pm = BASO TAHU

This steaming hot dish is good for lunch. Noodles, vermicelli, meat balls (baso) and tofu with ground meat filling (baso tahu), doused with beef broth and garnished with celery leaves also tomato sauce and red chilli paste. There is no vegetarian option.

Price = Rp.12,000

*3pm = OTAK OTAK IKAN

Otak means brain in Bahasa Indonesia but otak otak means grilled fish cake (ikan = fish), served with peanut sauce dipping.

Price = @Rp.1,500 or Rp.20,000 for 15 pieces.

*5pm = SIOMAY

It’s a kind of Chinese dimsum. There are boiled/steamed potato, cabagge, egg, fish cake, also pare (Momordica charantia, known as bitter melon, bitter gourd, bitter squash, or balsam-pear) with peanut sauce, chilli sauce plus few drops of juice of squeezed key lime.

Price = Rp.10,000 for a dish consists of 10 small pieces.

*7pm = SATE AYAM

It is grilled chicken chunks on wooden skewer, garnished with peanut sauce and chilli paste. Usually eaten with rice cake wrapped in banana leaves or plain steamed rice.

Price = Rp.14,000 for 10 sticks and @Rp.2,000 for lontong.

*9pm = NASI/MIE/KWETIAU GORENG


Nasi means rice, mie means noodles, kwetiau means wide thick Chinese noodles (Hanzi: 粿條). Goreng literary means fry but actually Nasi/Mie/Kwetiau Goreng is stir-fried rice/noodles/kwetiau with egg, spices, shredded fried chicken and meatballs, cabbage, lettuce, also chilli paste (when customer wants it hot spicy).

The serving is garnished with cucumber, pickled carrot and green chillis, plus shrimp crackers.

To get a vegetarian version, tell the seller:
– Gak pakai telor = no egg.
– Gak pakai ayam = no chicken.
– Gak pakai baso = no meatball.
– Gak pakai kerupuk = no shrimp cracker.
– Sayur aja = just vegetables.

To request spicy level:
– Gak pedas = not spicy.
– Pedas dikit = a bit spicy.
– Pedas = spicy.
– Pedas banget = very spicy.

Price = Rp.12,000.

*11pm = SEKOTENG

This cup of hot ginger ale is perfect to keep our body warm at midnight. A kind of snack not just beverage because there are mung beans, croutons, tapioca pearls then added with sweet condensed milk (high calories not good for people who wanted lose weight like me, hehehe…).

Price = Rp.8,000.

NOTE:

  • Exchange rate (April 2017): US$1 = Rp.13,300. Means Rp.114,000 = US$8.57 for all above meal in one whole day, eating/snacking every couple of hours.
  • Prices are 2x more expensive at food courts, 3x at restaurants.
  • I had above meal and snack not in one day but two weekends.

Snowbay, Polar Sensation Under Tropical Sun

Snowbay is a waterpark located in Taman Mini Indonesia Indah (Beautiful Indonesia Mini Park, http://www.tamanmini.com). Inaugurated in 2009, it provides polar sensation with themed decoration of snowy mountain with polar bear and penguins. But nothing cold under Jakarta’s tropical sun, visitors can enjoy the facilities all year long. Open daily, 9:00am – 6:00pm.

Google maps location: https://goo.gl/maps/ZeqiSNiL26r

Public transport: TransJakarta bus towards Pinang Ranti (route no. 9), get off at Garuda Taman Mini (stop no.9-2), then walk to Snowbay (1.6 km or 1 mile). Save energy by taking “angkot” (red minivan) no. S05 until entrance gate (Pintu 1) of Taman Mini then walk 10 minutes to Snowbay. To see this route, visit https://goo.gl/maps/UqfAJUBcJFs

Visitor must pay Rp.10,000 at entrance gate before entering Taman Mini. Its actually an interesting national park that hosts real size building of traditional houses of all 34 provinces in Indonesia also bird park, komodo park, flower garden, museums etc. On some weekends, there would be traditional at performances,  check http://www.tamanmini.com/pesona_indonesia/ for more details.

Snowbay entrance tickets = Rp.140,000 (weekdays) or Rp.180,000 (weekends and public holidays). Half price for “last minute” (visit after 4:00pm). Holders of some credit/debit/membership cards can get 30-45% price reduction as detailed on their official website http://snowbay.co.id

I bought my tickets from https://myfave.com then only paid @Rp.79,200.

Not much crowd when we arrived at 10:00am. Its wave pool was quite empty.

Lots of fun! I always love to float along Lazy River.

Alif wanted to make these underwater poses.

Notes:

  • Storage locker was Rp.30,000 per access. This fare for one time unlocking means visitor must repay some amount when open the locker then want to lock it again. That’s overpriced, better keep your valuable belonging in your vehicle (I went there on motorbike then kept my wallet and phone in storage space under the seat). 
  • Visitors are not allowed to bring any food/beverage, must buy from sellers in park area when hungry/thirsty. Because everything was overpriced (3x than normal price) then better leave your own food/beverage outside the park then get out whenever you want to eat/drink.
  • Gazebo rent was Rp.120,000 per 3 hours (weekend) or Rp.100,000 per day (weekday). Just leave your toilettries on available benches under umbrellas to save money.
  • The parking lot was securely supervised by park staffs. However, annoyingly they would ask for tip (which I refused to give because I paid Rp.6,000 at entrance gate already…I just didnt like to pay for illegal charge).

After fun four hours, Alif and I left Snowbay, went around Taman Mini for another hour before go home. See you again later, penguins!

The Philippines Itinerary for A Friend

A British friend asked me about how to spend nine days in The Philippines. Here is what I could think of awesome vacation in that archipelago.

philippines

Monday – January 9, 2017

Arrive at Manila.

Tuesday – January 10, 2017

Morning: Visit Malacanang Presidential Palace, join 2 hours of guided tour. My notes: https://perjalananbunda.wordpress.com/2013/10/08/malacanang-palace/

Noon: Take jeepney ride to Quiapo Church (https://www.lonelyplanet.com/philippines/manila/attractions/quiapo-church/a/poi-sig/391357/357305). I planned a walking tour but didnt work because there was major religious event on that day (https://perjalananbunda.wordpress.com/2013/10/09/a-day-in-quiapo/).

Evening at Quiapo Muslim Town would be a great experience (http://www.pacifiqa.com/culture/9-things-to-do-in-quiapos-muslim-town/).

Wednesday – January 11, 2017

Book a day tour to Corregidor Island (https://perjalananbunda.wordpress.com/2013/10/08/corregidor-island-the-philippines/).

Night: Go to Makati to get a massage?

Thursday – January 12, 2017

Morning: Intramuros.

Noon: Rizal Park.

Afternoon: Ocean Park (dont miss that awesome nightly show at 7pm)

https://goo.gl/maps/UdAzQePUaPN2

intramuros-rizal-park-ocean-park

January 13-16, 2017

MINDANAO ISLAND

Start your journey with Cebu Pacific’s first flight from Manila to Cotabato (ETD 4:55/ETA 6:40). It would be only £50 including tuna meal package.

manila-cotabato

After Shalat Jum’at at Masjid Hasanal Bolkiah (http://www.choosephilippines.com/do/history-and-culture/479/Golden_Mosque/), then start exploring the island.

Top 10 Attractions in Cotabato

https://www.tripadvisor.com/Attractions-g294252-Activities-Mindanao.html

Explore the Diving and Snorkeling Sites of Mindanao

http://www.rappler.com/life-and-style/travel/ph-travel/89575-beautiful-beaches-waterfalls-lakes-mindanao

Top 23 Amazing Destinations in Mindanao

Top 10 Tourist Spots in Mindanao

January 16-19, 2017

PALAWAN ISLAND

Get Monday morning flight from Mindanao to Puerto Princessa (via Manila because no direct flight), then explore Palawan Island.

Favorite Tourist Attractions in Palawan, Philippines

https://www.tripadvisor.com/Attractions-g294257-Activities-Puerto_Princesa_Palawan_Island_Palawan_Province_Mimaropa.html

https://www.buzzfeed.com/isabellelaureta/feelin-like-a-princesa

12 THINGS TO DO IN PUERTO PRINCESA

https://nature.new7wonders.com/wonders/puerto-princessa-underground-river-philippines/

Thursday – January 19, 2017

Morning flight from Puerto Princessa to Manila, then fly back to London.

China Itinerary for A Friend

A Muslim friend asked me to make an itinerary for 10 days in China, enter/leave from Beijing. So, here is what I drafted for him.

china
https://goo.gl/maps/sTN68LpDQEp

Saturday – December 31, 2016

Arrive at Beijing, visit Niujie Mosque in the afternoon. It’s the oldest mosque in Beijing, originally built in 996 during the Liao Dynasty and was reconstructed and renovated in successive dynasties. The mosque has had three big renovations since the founding of the People’s Republic of China in 1949.

Located in the largest muslim community in Beijing, it takes an area of approximately 10,000 square meters. Its architecture is a blend of Islamic and Han Chinese cultural and architectural influences. Address: No.88 Niujie St, Xicheng District, Beijing.

Sunday – January 1, 2017

Stroll across the world’s grandest city central square, Tiananmen Square. With a history of more than 500 years, the square has witnessed many historical events and significant celebrations, such as the founding of the People’s Republic of China and the dignified military parade on National Day. Then you will enter the Forbidden City, the world’s largest palace complex, from its south gate. It is said that the palace has 9,999.5 rooms where the emperors and his family had once worked and lived. You can explore the Summer Palace in the afternoon. Once used as a luxurious royal garden by the Qing royalty, the delicate scenery and ingenious layout inside earned it great fame from both home and aboard.

Monday – January 2, 2017

Buy train ticket from Beijing West to Xian on https://www.chinaticketonline.com/trains/ (ETD 20:40/ETA 8:31).

Visit the Great Wall at Badaling section. Initially set up as a fortification more than 2,000 years ago, the Great Wall is an amazing product of diligence and intelligence of ancient Chinese people. On the way back to downtown, we will drive by the Bird’s Nest (Olympic National Stadium), where the 29th Beijing Olympic Games were held. You can take some photos of its external features. In the afternoon, explore the Temple of Heaven. Once a site where the emperors offered sacrifices to the heaven, it is even larger than the Forbidden City. Its main buildings progressing from south to north are the Circular Mound Altar, the Imperial Vault of Heaven and the Hall of Prayer for Good Harvest.

Overnight train to Xian.

Tuesday – January 3, 2017

Morning excursion to the world’s largest underground martial museum, the Terracotta Warriors and Horses Museum. The significant underground terracotta army in battle formation is actually the accessory pit beside the first emperor’s mausoleum to guard his afterlife. The unearthed life-figured terracotta warriors and horses as well as the chariots and weapons exhibit the sovereign power and incomparable wealth of Emperor Qinshihuang 2,200 years ago. In the afternoon, visit the Shaanxi History Museum, which exhibits numerous cultural relics from one million years ago to the present. Then see the Xian Museum and the Small Wild Goose Pagoda. This is a 13-story brick pagoda in a shape of square pyramid, built in Tang Dynasty and used to collect the Buddhist materials brought from India. Here, you will also have an opportunity to appreciate a variety of valuable historical relics at the museum.

Wednesday – January 4, 2017

Visit the Xian City Wall, which is the largest and most integrated existing ancient city wall all over the country. Once acted as a huge and precisely designed military defense system, it is now a famous attraction. Enter from South Gate of City Wall, climbing up the wall, you can either walk or ride a bicycle on it. Then walk back to the city center area. The attractive Bell Tower and Drum Tower a few steps away can be your next stops. Also pay a visit to the Muslim street behind the Drum Tower. Muslim street is a residential zone of Hui people in this city. Strolling around the street, you will not only taste the delicious local flavors, but also get an insight into the religious tradition and living habits of Hui people.

Train from Xian to Guilin will be 26 hours 16 minutes refer to https://www.chinaticketonline.com/trains/ (ETD 19:08/ETA 21:24), you might want to get plane tickets to arrive earlier at Guilin, book it from http://chinatour.net/flight/

My suggestion: CA1225 (ETD 18:40/ETA 20:55). Fare was US$70 this morning when I wrote this itinerary, might change anytime.

Thursday – January 5, 2017

Guilin is a cultural city with a history of over 2,000 years.

Get morning cruise along the Li River from Guilin to Yangshuo, then have a stroll along the famous West Street. This is a vibrant place alive with cafes, pubs, restaurants and where many westerners gather. Then, you can take an electric car to travel around the villages of Yangshuo to enjoy the breathtaking countryside scenery. Today’s cruise experience along with the countryside trip will be one of the most memorable parts of your journey.

The earliest cruise is 9:00-14:00 (5 hours on boat), ticket must be purchased at leasr one day in advance (refer to https://www.travelchinaguide.com/package/guilintour7.htm) and no cruise ship available from Yangshuo back to Guilin (must take 1.5 hours land trip by bus), then you might want to consider Merryland Theme Park (http://www.guilinchina.net/attraction/merry-land.htm) as alternative to enjoy the whole day (opens 9:00-17:30).

Friday – January 6, 2017

Shalat Jum’at at Guilin Ancient Mosque, first built in Yuan Dynasty(1271-1368). It was rebuilt for many times after destroyed in wars. Now it covers an area of 984 square meters. The temple is a quadrangle courtyard. The Bunker building is in the center. The left and right side of the building are the teaching rooms. The main hall is in the back of the Bunker building. The temple was used as a school, which is a treasure place for teaching and educating. In addition the local Muslim people, many other Muslim people come to the Masque to do prayer. Address: 2 Minzu Road, Xiangshan District, Guilin

Walk around the Rongshan Lake, Ancient Southern Gate, Giant Banyan Tree, Jiuqu Bridge, Sun and Moon Pagoda.

Saturday – January 7, 2017

Morning flight from Guilin to Shanghai, ETD 10:50/ETA 13:05 (US$73 on http://chinatour.net/flight/).

Enjoy Huangpu River cruise at the Bund wharf to appreciate the two representative profiles of the city along two sides of the river. It helps you understand the past, see the present and look into the future of this modern city. After that, have a stroll on the famous Nanjing Road in the neighborhood. Built in the colonial period in the 19th century, Nanjing Road has nowadays become one of the most famous shopping centers in the city as well as a popular destination. The well-known stores from home and abroad make it no less prosperous than any other famous business streets in the world.

Sunday – January 8, 2017

Visit Shanghai Museum, a huge museum that exhibits both ancient historical relics and modern artworks of the country, it is definitely worthy of your visit. Then you can proceed to the Yuyuan Garden by taxi (only takes 10 minutes at around CNY15). Yuyuan Garden is one of the representatives of south region classic gardens. The pavilions, halls, rockeries, ponds and cloisters in the garden all have unique Chinese gardening characteristics. There are many restaurants in its nearby streets, so you can have your lunch there with various choices. Afterwards, it may be best for you to walk to the Bund area, which is no more than 1000 meters away.

Monday – January 9, 2017

Book Shanghai-Beijing flight from http://chinatour.net/flight, ETD 15:10/ETA 17:35 (should be enough time before flight to leave from Beijing ETD 20:00).

Visit Shanghai Tower (http://www.smartshanghai.com/articles/travel/shanghai-tower-worlds-highest-observation-deck-is-open-now). It opens at 9AM, so better go there early to beat the crowd.

The Shanghai Tower is the world’s second-tallest building (after Burj Khalifa). It has 127 stories or 632 meters (2,073 feet) tall then becomes Shanghai’s premier tourist highlight. It has world’s highest observation deck (561 meters), world’s 2nd highest hotel, world’s fastest elevators.

Tourists can enjoy the view from the deck on the on the 121st, 122nd, and 123rd floor. The deck sits at 561 meters and is 6 meters higher than the Burj Khalifa’s deck (555 meters). The observation deck is 5 floors from the top.

The building dwarfs the Shanghai World Financial Center and the 88-story Jin Mao Tower next to it. It will be about 122 meters (400 feet) taller than Shanghai World Financial Center and the Taipei 101 too.

Mitsubishi built the world’s fastest elevators for the structure. They speed up and down at 65 kph (40 miles per hour). You may want to visit just for that experience before leave Shanghai.

Monumen Nasional

Well, many tourists might leave Jakarta without a selfie in front of this landmark…but I wish it could be like nobody would leave Paris without a selfie in front of Eiffel Tower.

MOnumen NASional (National Monument), shortened MONAS by Indonesians, is gigantic obelisk that was once symbol of pride of the nation. Standing tall in the middle of “Lapangan Merdeka” (Independence Square), topped with bronze flame structure that covered with 50 kg of pure gold. This Wikipedia page provided more details: https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Monument_(Indonesia)

Google maps location: https://goo.gl/maps/cJKHihvDzMt (easy access by TransJakarta bus from any part of Jakarta).

My son and I arrived at the square around 7:30 AM, but had to walk quite far to the entrance gate of the monument that located at north side.

There were so many people already queued, it took 1.5 hours from waiting for ticket counters to open at 8:05 AM, queued to top up my JakCard, walked through underground tunnel, queued for elevator to viewing deck.

Entrance fee: Rp.15000 (adults), Rp.8000 (college students), Rp.4000 (children). Exchange rate: US$1 = Rp.13000.


Opening hours of elevator to reach the top was 8:00 AM-4:00 PM (limited for 1800 visitors/day) and 7:00 PM-10:00 PM (limited for 700 visitors/night).


Binoculars (free of charge) with displays of explanations of govt building in the surrounding area.


Selfie at 120 m above ground level. :)

 

Presidential Palace at northwest side.


Masjid Istiqlal (biggest mosque in South East Asia that can accommodate 250,000 people) at northeast. That was Jakarta port far away in the horizon, visitors can see ships but unluckily I couldnt captured it with my camera.


South Jakarta panorama, that was Mount Salak at the background.

It was 10:30 AM already when we got back to ground level then proceeded to see displays in diorama hall later went to “Independence Room”.

Diorama hall was nice and clean place for rest, there was adequate musala (pray room for Muslim) but ladies’ room were only 2 units and not really convenient.


My most favorite diorama depicting Indonesian 1st plane made by IPTN, 1995.


Vending machine. Seems like getting softdrink from it amused those teenagers. :D

 

Inside Independence Room.

 

I wanted to listen to that recording of Indonesian 1st President, Ir. Soekarno, reading declaration of independence of this country on August 17, 1945. But it was hourly event, I was too tired to wait another half an hour (would be okay to wait if I brought some snacks, but I didn’t) then we just left.

There were orange “kereta wisata” (touristic trains – free of charge), but I didn’t want to waste time for another queuing.


Interesting diorama of “chasing Pokémon”, hahahaha…


Our selfie, pardon his tired and bored look…should have taken this photo earlier in the morning. :(

It was interesting experience, definitely MONAS is a must visit landmark in Jakarta.

 

TIPS

  • Better go to MONAS on workdays for less queue if you want to go up high to viewing deck, or get there early like 7 AM on weekends/public holidays.
  • Avoid queuing by get your JakCard in advance (loaded with sufficient amount of money) from any TransJakarta bus station.

 

JakCard is pre-loaded pay card (e-money) from Bank DKI, Jakarta govt owned bank. This card also can be used to pay to get a ride on TransJakarta bus and KRL commuter line (electric train system that connects Jakarta to suburban cities), Ragunan zoo entrance, etc.

Sunny Sunday at Bogor Botanical Garden

Alif always liked to visit the huge public park, Kebun Raya Bogor (Bogor Botanical Garden). Lots of things to do and see for family vacation, shortest escape to fresh air and blue sky away from our air-polluted city of Jakarta.

That Sunday (September 18, 2015) then I went there with him and our CouchSurfing guest, Dr. Sarang from India.

We took one hour train ride, cost Rp.4,000 for 60 km, from Manggarai Station until last stop at Bogor Station.

It was 11am already when we arrived, almost high noon but sun never shines hot in Bogor (just warm all year, thanks to the high altitude of the mountainous area) then it was comfortable enough to walk from train station to 2nd entrance gate at western side that only opens on Sunday and public holidays (otherwise better take public transport to get to main entrance gate at southern side of the garden). Walking route: https://goo.gl/maps/dbQjq1QJUGH2

Recommendation: Grab your cup of “Durian Ice Cream” (@Rp.8,000) and some fried bananas on your way (in front of Zebaoth Church at left side of the road).

Entrance tickets was Rp.15,000 for Indonesian, Rp.26,000 for foreigner, Rp.5,000 additional charge for bicycle. But the lady at ticket counter was kind enough to charge only 3 × Rp.15,000 for three of us.

Our first stop was Presidential Palace. The president was there inside his palace of residency, having lunch with his family, but no visible tight security. I felt like swimming the lake to pay him a visit. But that would be one hell crazy idea.

:)

There were always family/friends gathering or company outing in the garden, also picnic (and lots of dating couples). You would want to bring something like plastic sheet to sit on the grass and some snacks also bottled drink to lay down under those giant trees.

For Alif: Bring a mobile phone was a must because there were lots of PokéStop and PokéGym in the area.

:D

Alif eagerly wanted to see Amorphopallus titanium but unluckily it hasnt bloomed yet.

We got chance to watch convoy of presidential cars leaving the garden (the guards said that President Jokowi had appointment in Jakarta). Unluckily he opened his car window on left side then waved to garden visitors but I didnt get any glance.

It was 1:30pm when we felt enough going around the garden then hungry, but food/beverage price at Grand Garden Café was too pricy (more than Rp.70,000 per pax for basic meal and drink) then we decided to leave through Gate 4 at southeastern side of the restaurant to grab some street food for lunch.

I am not into writing much about this garden because this lady already posted a great article completed with photos: http://lovelybogor.com/20-things-to-see-in-bogor-botanical-garden (in fact, I printed it out then carried it around the garden as my travel guide that day).

That garden is my recommendation for a day trip for anybody who come to visit Jakarta. Have you gone there then would let me know your experience?

One fine afternoon at UI, RSCM, Eijkman Institute

This Monday afternoon – September 12, 2016 (national holiday of Eid Qurban) then Alif and I didn’t go far for vacation. We went to campus of University of Indonesia at Salemba street, Central Jakarta, walked around (some security guards voluntarily kindly guided us) before we ended the day with burger and fries at McDonald’s across the street.

Google maps location: http://goo.gl/4qaFXg

UNIVERSITY OF INDONESIA

Official website: http://www.ui.ac.id

Universitas Indonesia (UI) is the oldest tertiary-level educational institution in Indonesia (known as the Dutch East Indies when UI was established). Generally considered as the most prestigious university in Indonesia, in the 2015/2016 QS World Universities Ranking, UI is ranked 1st in Indonesia, 79th in Asia and 358th in the world.

The roots of UI date back to 1851. At that time, the colonial government of the Dutch East Indies established a school to train medical assistants. Training lasted for two years, and the graduates were certified to provide basic medical treatments. The degree conferred was Javanese Doctor, as the graduates were certified only to open their practice in the Dutch East Indies, especially Java. The program became more comprehensive; by 1864 it was expanded to three years. By 1875, the program of study had reached seven years and the graduates were entitled to the degree of Medical Doctor.

The next step came in 1898, when the Dutch East Indies government established a new school to train local people to become medical doctors, named STOVIA (School tot Opleiding van Inlandsche Artsen). The prerequisite to enter STOVIA was roughly the equivalent of a junior high school diploma. The schooling took nine years, so it was a mix between high school and university education.

In 1924, the colonial government again decided to open a new tertiary-level educational facility, the RHS (Rechts Hogeschool), to train civilian officers and servants. The RHS would later evolve into the Faculty of Law.

In 1927, STOVIA’s status was changed to that of a full tertiary-level institution and its name was changed to GHS (Geneeskundige Hogeschool). The GHS occupied the same main building and used the same teaching hospital as the current Medical Faculty.

After Indonesia gained independence, the Indonesian Institute for Higher Education (BPTRI) was established in Jakarta consisting of three faculties: Medical and Pharmacy, Letters, and Law. The institute produced its first 90 graduate students as medical doctors in the same year.

When the Dutch colonial army occupied Jakarta in late 1945, the BPTRI moved to Klaten, Surakarta, Yogyakarta, Surabaya and Malang. In 1946, the Dutch colonial government established the Nood Universiteit or Emergency University at Jakarta. In 1947, the name was changed to Universiteit van Indonesië (UVI) or Universitas Indonesia. Following the Indonesian National Revolution, the government established a state university in Jakarta in February 1950. The name was Universiteit Indonesia, comprising the BPTRI units and the former UVI, which was later changed into Universitas Indonesia (UI).

By 1950, UI was a multi-campus university, with faculties in Jakarta (Medical, Law, and Letters), Bogor (Agronomy and Veterinary Medicine), Bandung (Engineering, Mathematics and Natural Sciences), Surabaya (Medical and Dentistry), and Makassar (Economics). The Surabaya campus became the University of Airlangga in 1954. In the following year, the Makassar campus became the University of Hasanuddin. In 1959, the Bandung campus became the Bandung Institute of Technology. The School for Physical Education, which was also in Bandung, became part of Padjadjaran University in 1960. In 1964, the Bogor campus became the Bogor Agricultural Institute and the Faculty of Education in Jakarta became the State University of Jakarta.

By 1965, UI consisted of three campuses, all in Jakarta: Salemba (Medical, Dentistry, Economics, Engineering, Science and the Graduate School), Rawamangun (Letters, Law, Social Science and Psychology) and Pegangsaan (Public Health and parts of Medical).

In 1987, all faculties from the Salemba and Rawamangun campuses (other than Medical and Dentistry) moved to a newly built campus in the outskirts of Jakarta. The campus in southern Jakarta is known as the Depok campus (because it’s located in the city of Depok).

CIPTO NATIONAL HOSPITAL

Official website: http://www.rscm.co.id

Google map location: http://goo.gl/WsKKmn

cipto

Indonesian’s abbreviation for this national hospital is RSCM, Rumah Sakit Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo.

The history of this hospital is related with the history of Medical Faculty, University of Indonesia, since the developing of these two institutions rely on each other and fill each other.

Established since November 19, 1919 as CBZ (Centrale Burgulijke ziekenhuis), the hospital was tied with STOVIA.

In March 1942 when Indonesia is settled by Japan, CBZ became university hospital (Ika Daigaku Byongin).

In the 1945, CBZ changed its name to Rumah Sakit Oemoem Negeri (RSON) before changed it again to Rumah Sakit Umum Pusat (RSUP) in 1950.

On August 17, 1964 then Minister of Health, Prof. Dr. Satrio, legalized RSUP became Rumah Sakit Dr. Tjipto Mangoenkoesoemo (RSTM). With new Indonesian spelling since 1972, “tj” = “c” and “oe” = “u”, then it’s abbreviation became RSCM.

Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo (1886-1943) was one of Indonesian first medical doctor who fought for the country’s independence through diplomatic channels.

EIJKMAN INSTITUTE

Official website: http://www.eijkman.go.id

Google map location: http://goo.gl/5a3Vhj

eijkman

The current full name of this institution is Eijkman Institute for Molecular Biology.

The Eijkman Institute is one of the most prestigious and internationally acclaimed research institutions ever established in Indonesia. From its foundation in 1888 as a Research Laboratory for Pathology and Bacteriology, the institute has had a long and proud scientific tradition. Here, Christiaan Eijkman, its first director, carried out most of his early work, which resulted in the great discovery of the relationship between vitamin B1 deficiency and beri-beri.

In recognition of his fundamental work, upon which the modern concept of vitamins is based, Eijkman won a Nobel Prize in 1929. The research laboratory was subsequently designated as the Central Medical Laboratory and later, at the commemoration of the 50th anniversary of its founding, the Eijkman Institute. At its peak early last century, the Eijkman Institute was a world of famous center for tropical medicine, but it was closed in the 1960’s amid the economic hardships that followed the struggle for Indonesian independence.

Later The Eijkman Institute has been revived as a response to the urgent need of Indonesia for a biomedical research institute capable of tapping the substantial growth of knowledge and the technological developments that have been made in molecular cell biology in recent years; a development that has led to considerable advances in medicine and biotechnology, with all their associated industrial and commercial implications.

The initiative to revive the Eijkman Institute as a medium by which to establish a research institute of international standing in molecular cell biology was conceived in the office of the Indonesian Minister of Research and Technology. It was endorsed by the President of Indonesia at the centenary commemoration of Christiaan Eijkman’s discovery of vitamin B1 deficiency as the cause of beri-beri in December 1990. The Eijkman Institute for Molecular Biology formally came into existence in July 1992, commenced operations in April 1993 and was officially inaugurated by President Soeharto on 19th September 1995.

Today, the institute is again a vibrant research environment. The number of international scientific collaborations has significantly increased. They include the Australia-Indonesia Medical Research Initiative (AIMRI) with the Water and Eliza Hall Institute as well as a relationship with Monash University in Melbourne, Australia which focuses on the molecular biology of the malaria infection. Special relationships with the University of Indonesia, Monash University, University of Queensland in Australia, and Utrecht University in the Netherlands, allow the institute to conduct master and doctoral programs. The institute is a key node in the national science and technology network, and for several years has involved a national research mentoring grant scheme for novice scientists in medical research. As initially intended, the institute brings together a critical mass of scientists with a wide range of expertise, essential for any successful endeavour in modern biomedical and biotechnological research.

There was a tragic history about this institute as recorded on http://pwencycl.kgbudge.com/K/e/Kempeitai.htm

In February 1944, an outbreak of tetanus among hundreds of Javanese laborers was traced to contaminated vaccines. Professor Doctor Muchtar (Director of The Eijkman Institute, first Indonesian who held that position) treated many of the victims and blamed the outbreak on botched preparation of the vaccines by Japanese military doctors. The Kempeitai intervened, accused Dr. Muchtar of deliberately contaminating the vaccines to prevent the laborers from working for the Japanese, and imprisoned him for nine months before beheading him and running over his body with a steam roller. Given the role of the Kempeitai in biological warfare research, it is reasonable to suspect the vaccines were deliberately contaminated by the Japanese doctors as part of a biological warfare experiment and Professor Muchtar was murdered to cover up this fact. Indonesian nationalist leader Sukarno accepted the Kempeitai version of the incident, inflating the number of victims to “tens of thousands” in his memoirs.

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Source: Wikipedia and respective official websites.